Resins: curcumin and podophyllotoxin

Resins: curcumin and podophyllotoxin Resins Resins are semi-solid, amorphous product delivered from natural living sources and mostly from the plant origin. They are mixture of essential oils, oxygenated products of terpene and carboxylic acids found in exudation from the trunk of various trees. They are transparent and translucent solids, semi solids or liquid substance containing … Read more

Alkaloids: Atropine, Quinine, Reserpine and Caffeine – Extraction and isolation

Introduction of alkaloids Alkaloids are basic nitrogenous compound of plants or animals’ origin and possesses a pharmacological action. They contain nitrogen and mainly in heterocyclic ring. It is mainly derived from amino acids and founds in animals, fungi & bacteria. These are some drugs 1. Atropine It is a tropane alkaloid derived from the Atropa … Read more

Quality control of crude drug and quantitative microscopy of crude drug

Quality control of crude drug Quality control is a system of maintaining standard in product by ensuring it identify, purity, and its quality. Quality control of crude drugs is essential for maintaining safety and efficacy. It involves the use of various techniques to ensure that the drugs are free from contamination, adulteration and degradation. Quality … Read more

Adulteration – mimprovement(1)

Adulteration The term adulteration is a practice of mixing or substituting, the original drug partially or wholly with the other similar looking substance. The adulterated drug has lost its actual or original therapeutic properties & some time form a toxic product. The adulterant must be some material, which in both cheap and available in large … Read more

Classification of crude drugs – mimprovement

Classification of crude drugs The crude drug is the unprocessed form of drug, which are directly obtained from natural sources like plants, animals and minerals, etc. For the proper and adequate study of crude drug, it is necessary to arrange them in scientific and systemic manner. The classification of crude drugs is an essential step … Read more