Table of Contents
Narcotics and psychotropic drugs substance
In 1985, the focus was on addressing the problem of narcotics and psychotropic drugs. The term “narcotic” refers to drugs that have the potential for abuse and can lead to addiction or dependence. These include opioids such as heroin, morphine, and codeine. On the other hand, “psychotropic drugs” are substances that affect psychological processes and behavior. Examples of psychotropic drugs include hallucinogens such as LSD and psilocybin mushrooms, and sedatives such as barbiturates.
In 1985, efforts were made to classify these substances based on various international agreements. The United Nations Single Convention on Narcotic Drugs of 1961 played an important role in regulating the production, distribution, and use of narcotics around the world. Additionally, the 1971 Convention on Psychotropic Substances aimed to control psychotropic substances through restrictions on manufacture and trade.
NDPS act as it knows properly is meant to face a very imp social problem drug trafficking (deal or trade).
Evaluation of law
1. The opium act of 1857 was revised in 1878.
2. In 1950 the opium act of 1878 was revised as the opium and revenue act 1950.
3. On 16 September 1985 the about act ‘cold off’ and on 14 November 1985, NDPS was came into existence.
Objective of NDPS(1985)
1. To consolidate & amend the existing laws relating to narcotic drugs.
2. To make stringent provision for the control and regulation of operations relating to narcotic & psychotropic drug substance.
3. To considerably and enhance the penalties particularly for traffic offences.
4. To make provision for the implementation of international conventional relating to narcotic drug & psychotropic drug substance.
Definitions of the act
Chara’s i.e. the separated resin, in whatever form, whether crude or purified obtained from the cannabis plant and also includes concentrate preparation and resin known as liquid hashish.
Ganja, i.e. The flowering or fruiting tip (excluding seeds and leaves if not accompanied by a tip) of a cannabis plant. It doesn’t matter what name you call it.
2. Coca derivative
Crude cocaine, any extract of coca leaf which can be used directly or indirectly for the mfg. of cocaine.
Cocaine methyl ester of benzoyl ecgonine and its salt. All preparation containing more than 0.1% of cocaine.
3. Controlled substance
It means any substance which the central government may, having v regard to available information as to its possible use in the production or mfg. of narcotic drug or psychotropic substance or to the provisions of any international convection by notification in the official gazette declare to be a controlled substance.
4. Opium derivatives
Medicinal opium, opium which has undergone the processes necessary to adopt it due medicinal use in accordance with the requirements of the Indian pharmacopeia or any other pharmacopeia notified in this behalf by the central government whether in powder from our granulated or otherwise or mixed with neutral materials.
Prepared opium, that is any product of opium by any series of operation designed to transform opium into on extract for smoking and the drops or other reside remaining after opium is smoked.